Tempered Glass (T)
Tempered glass is physically and thermally stronger than normal glass. The greater contraction of the inner layer during manufacturing induces compressive stresses in the surface of the glass balanced by tensile stresses in the body of the glass. For glass to be considered tempered, this compressive stress on the surface of the glass should be a minimum of 69 megapascals (10,000 psi). For it to be considered safety glass, the surface compressive stress should exceed 100 megapascals (15,000 psi). Fully tempered glass is approximately four times stronger than annealed glass of the same thickness and configuration.
When broken, tempered glass will break into many relatively small fragments, which are less likely to cause serious injury. The typical process to produce tempered glass involves heating the glass to over 1,000°F, then rapidly cooling to lock the glass surfaces in a state of compression and the core in a state of tension.As a result of the increased surface stress, if the glass is ever broken it only breaks into small circular pieces as opposed to sharp jagged shards. This characteristic makes tempered glass safe for high-pressure and explosion proof applications.
Tempered glass is often referred to as “safety glass,” because it meets the requirements of the various code organizations. This type of glass is intended for general glazing and safety glazing such as sliding doors, storm doors, building entrances, bath and shower enclosures, interior partitions and other uses requiring superior strength and safety properties.